Press Kit for the Action Plan Against Radicalization and Terrorism (PART) - 9 May 2016
The Prime Minister held a meeting on Monday, 9 May 2016 of the Interministerial Committee for the Prevention of Crime and Radicalization (CIPDR). Broadened for the first time to include the prevention of radicalization, it will mark a new stage in combating terrorism and preventing radicalization.
Over the past four years, the Government has allocated legal and budgetary resources to combating terrorism. Since 2012, six structuring laws regarding counter-terrorism policy were passed by the Parliament and the last one is in its final stage. They consist of two counter-terrorism laws (of 21 December 2012 and 13 November 2014), a military programming law (of 18 December 2013), two laws on intelligence techniques (of 24 July and 30 November 2015) and a bill on organized crime, terrorism and their financing (spring 2016.)
In addition to legislative action, unprecedented resources were made available. In five years, a total of 15,300 posts were created to bolster the security of French citizens.
An initial plan with 22 measures was adopted in April 2014. Strong additional measures, involving very considerable resources, were adopted in January and November 2015 after the major terrorist attacks committed in our country. A national freephone number, departmental security teams and departmental monitoring units, created the same year, have helped to establish a structure for overseeing and monitoring terrorist reports. In the local monitoring units, 1,600 people are being monitored and 800 families are provided support.
To address this far-reaching problem that today concerns over 2,000 people identified in the Syrian and Iraqi networks and 9,300 people reported undergoing radicalization, it is important to establish a national strategy involving every aspect of government action.
A new action plan against radicalization and terrorism (PART) that on 9 May will replace the one adopted in 2014 will be the focus of the national strategy. The plan contains 80 measures, 50 of them new, divided into seven priority areas :
◗Detecting signs of radicalization paths and terrorist networks at the earliest stage possible ;
◗Monitoring, obstructing and neutralizing terrorist networks ;
◗Combating terrorism within its international networks and safe havens ;
◗Increasing the reach of radicalization prevention mechanisms in order to ensure personalized measures for different populations ;
◗Developing applied research in terms of counter-speech and involving France’s Islamic community ;
◗Improving protection of vulnerable sites and networks ;
◗Being able to react to any terrorist attack and demonstrate the Nation’s resilience.
List of the measures
NB : In order to maintain the logical order of the plan, new measures, or those that have been decided upon or applied for the first time in 2016, are distributed accordingly among existing measures that are to continue. For purposes of clarity, these new measures are indicated with an asterisk(*).
I. Detecting signs of radicalization paths and terrorist networks at the earliest stage possible
1. Guarantee the deployment of the next annual increments of more diversified human resources of specialized intelligence services working to counter terrorism.
2. Break down barriers in the operation of intelligence services by establishing a structured way of sharing information available on terrorist networks. Oversee the distribution of the tasks of monitoring radicalized targets based on how dangerous they are and facilitate the detection of weak signals, thanks to the incorporation of intelligence methods.
3*. In prison administrations, create fully fledged intelligence services belonging to the second tier of the intelligence community (Art. L. 811-4 CSI).
4. Continue the drafting and implementation of a doctrine used to assess and deal with radicalized people being detained ; step up efforts to raise awareness and administer training to better detect signs of radicalization.
5*. Develop programmes to deal with detained people after they have spent time in the appropriate units.
6. Recruit new prison guards and counsellors to manage prisoners’ integration and probation.
7. Increase the number of Muslim prison chaplains in order to curb the dissemination of extremist discourse in prisons.
8. Continue to implement the plan to secure prisons ; develop video-protection in their surroundings ; increase the technological means to detect illicit and dangerous substances and products.
9*. Adapt legislation regarding searches.
10. Extend the use of the system for collecting and processing reports over the long term.
11*. Create a grid of indicators on exiting the radicalization process.
II. Monitoring, obstructing and neutralizing terrorist networks
12*. Use the classification of criminal association as a serious criminal offence more frequently to better take into account how dangerous the concerned individuals are.
13*. Extend the mandatory prison sentence from 22 to 30 years and introduce the possibility of life sentences for committing terrorism.
14*. Better protect the anonymity of witnesses of crimes and offences constituting acts of terrorism and to this end, authorize the use of a false name.
15*. Develop and implement over the next two years a plan to update the National Platform of Judicial Interceptions (PNIJ). New technological functions and capabilities such as special techniques to conduct terrorist investigations will be added to the platform, and its capabilities to decrypt encrypted communications will be increased.
16*. Launch the use of automated judicial records of authors of terrorist offences (FIJAIT) in June 2016.
17. Continue to implement the judicial and administrative policy to restrict the movement of dangerous people.
18*. Launch on a trial basis the French passenger name (PNR) system in summer 2016.
19*. Also create a PNR system for maritime travel to secure the movement of passengers on passenger ships (a measure passed in the "blue economy" bill).
20. Apply a policy to ensure systematic control of European Union external borders for counter-terrorism purposes for as long as necessary.
21. Maintain, in compliance with the power set out in Article 23 of the Schengen Borders Code, coordinated border control at European Union internal borders (land, ports, airports) for as long as the analysis of the security threat justifies doing so.
22. Promote the creation of secured identity and travel documents at European level.
23*. Launch in summer 2016 a system to monitor and evaluate the behaviour of people upon their return if they are suspected of participating or have attempted to participate in jihadist networks abroad.
24*. Govern the use of prepaid rechargeable debit cards more strictly.
25*. Extend the powers of TRACFIN and customs to combat terrorism financing.
26*. Create a new criminal offence aiming to punish the trafficking of cultural goods from theatres of operations of terrorist groups.
27. Continue to suspend payment of social benefits to people who are eligible but have left French territory to go to areas controlled by jihadists.
III. Combating terrorism within its international networks and safe havens
28. Step up defence resources by updating the military programming act in 2015, as well as with additional measures decided on in 2016.
29. Weaken and destroy military capabilities of jihadist groups.
30. Strengthen actions in cyberspace.
31. Place diplomatic action at the service of preventing radicalization.
IV. Increasing the reach of radicalisation prevention mechanisms in order to ensure personalized measures for different populations
32*. Over the next two years, double capabilities for dealing with people who are radicalized or undergoing radicalization and their families.
33*. Earmark an additional €40 million over the next two years, from 2016 to 2018, in order to finance the new measures of this plan.
34*. Create a national coordination and regional action support unit in the Secretariat-General of the Interministerial Committee for the Prevention of Crime and Radicalization (CIPDR) made up of departmental prefects, local and regional authorities and association networks. Increase the number of CIPDR workers and diversify profiles of people hired.
35*. Ask local and regional authorities and major association networks if they would like to be represented in the CIPDR.
36*. Disseminate immediately a new interministerial guide for the prevention of radicalisation to all the local and regional authorities in France.
37*. Step up the resources for actions of the Family Allowance Office (CAF) in support of the families of radicalized people.
38. Increase the capabilities for dealing with radicalized people suffering from mental health problems.
39*. Launch a new phase in the plan for preventing and monitoring radicalization within the national education system (prevention–identifying and reporting–monitoring–training).
40. Continue to implement the plan to monitor private schools that do not receive government funding and families who homeschool.
41. Mobilize the "citizenship" components of France’s education projects to develop, in partnership with municipalities and associations, a range of extracurricular activities devoted to developing critical thinking skills, but also exercising good judgement with regard to the media and social networks.
42*. Disseminate radicalization prevention modules to every age group during the Defence and Citizenship Day (JDC).
43*. Educate people about media and information.
44. Increase the number of staff working in the judicial youth protection services to 185 to implement its responsibilities of dealing with radicalization.
45*. Prevent radicalization in sports by developing the monitoring of clubs and educators and possibly taking away their "sport certification" (agrément sport) in the event of abuse.
46*. Enhance complementarity between the central government and departmental councils in the protection of minors who are susceptible to radicalization and provide support to the families, putting forward an operational protocol to follow in all the regions.
47*. Include, by the end of 2016, a plan of action to combat radicalization in every urban planning contract drawn up between the central government and local governments.
48*. Invite mayors and prefects to develop a radicalization prevention component in the local councils for security and crime prevention (CLSPD) where the situation so requires.
49. Step up action by all the stakeholders, compare experiences and facilitate the dissemination of best practices by organizing a national meeting of local and regional authorities on the issues related to combating radicalization and dealing with radicalized people.
50*. Form county and regional hubs of bodies dealing with radicalized people, with the involvement of major association networks.
51*. Establish inter-regional mobile teams to provide support in dealing with people who are radicalized or undergoing radicalization.
52*. By the end of 2017 create a reintegration and citizenship centre in each region for people who are radicalized or undergoing radicalization with housing possibilities.
53. Increase training for those who are in contact with population groups that are likely to be targeted by radical movements including radicalized people.
V. Developing applied research in terms of counter-speech and involving France’s Islamic community
54*. Implement a standing scientific board on radicalization and terrorism that could coordinate a research network and ensure that research translates into operational action.
55*. Grant more university scholarships to temporary teaching and research assistants/PhD students working in this field.
56*. Set goals to develop research-actions in the area of radicalization and terrorism analysis by assigning certain research-actions to local stakeholders such as regional education authorities.
57*. Support initiatives and mobilization on the part of institutions that are representative of the Muslim faith.
58. Continue action to monitor, limit and obstruct all dissemination of extremist propaganda.
59*. Take action to prevent people from falling victim to filter bubbles.
60*. Strengthen the team of community managers working in the Government Information Service by hiring specialists with research-action contracts.
61*. Encourage private initiatives disseminating a critical discourse on radicalization ideologies and an open-minded discourse on information about Islam, in a scientifically backed, methodological framework. Support these initiatives financially through the intervention of an Interministerial Crime Prevention Fund (FIPD).
62*. Solicit the assistance of Internet specialists in drafting counter-speech by specifically targeting the online activities of terrorist organizations and by providing support of developers and experts from digital companies.
63. Take into account the particular role of radicalized women in the drafting of counter-speech.
VI. Improving protection of vulnerable sites and networks
64. Maintain the new armed forces operational contract for homeland protection as long as the terrorist threat so requires.
65. Rewrite the conditions for the use of armed forces when they intervene on national territory to protect the population.
66. Build the capabilities of the network of senior defence and security officials (HFDS).
67*. Opt for a screening at extremely close intervals of people working in regulated professions or of those with authorization to access sensitive zones.
68*. Add a national service to the system to protect civil nuclear sites called the specialized nuclear safety command (COSSEN).
69*. Gradually unify the system of administrative investigations of access to other sensitive sites (under legislation of the Defence Code on the points of vital importance).
70*. Bolster the security of SEVESO sites against the risks of malicious acts.
71*. Invest in the development of technologies to assist in the protection of sensitive sites.
72*. Bolster security of rail transport, particularly main stations and interconnections.
73*. Improve maritime security by implementing methods that are already being used for aviation security.
74. Maintain very high aviation security standards, given the growing number of risks.
75*. Launch a zonal video-protection plan for the Ile-de-France region (€38 million) over the next two years (2016 and 2017).
Being able to react to any terrorist attack and demonstrate the Nation’s resilience
76*. Raise more people’s awareness by overhauling government websites relating to the terrorist threat and before Euro 2016, launch a government smartphone application that can provide useful information in the event of a terrorist attack, and particularly instructions on what to do in and around the areas affected or threatened.
77*. Re-evaluate doctrines on the use of intervention forces and pre-position the advanced components of these special units in a network covering all of France. Give all the state security forces the legal possibility to intervene with their arms when faced with a "killing spree".
78. Constantly redefine the role of the reserves, municipal police forces, private security companies and their coordination in the state response mechanism of the State.
79*. Implement a concrete plan to assist victims by the end of the year.
80.Consolidate ministerial continuity plans.